Heart blockage is a disorder of the heart blood vessels (coronary) which can cause coronary heart disease or better known as deadly heart disease in the world. Recognizing and being aware of symptoms can reduce your risk of having a heart attack.
Heart blockage is generally caused by a buildup of plaque on the walls of the blood vessels of the heart. These blood vessels surround the heart and are tasked with carrying oxygen and various nutrients from the body to the heart.
Plaque or atherosclerosis is generally formed from cholesterol, fat, calcium, metabolic waste, and blood clotting materials called fibrin. Although it can be separated from the walls of blood vessels, this plaque buildup can be carried along with the bloodstream until it gets caught in certain organs such as the brain. Another thing that can happen is the formation of blood clots on the surface of the plaque which is also able to clog arteries until the blood flow is cut off.
High blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure are some of the conditions that are risk factors for heart blockage. Other risk factors for heart block include age, sex, and a history of this disease in the family.
Symptoms of a heart block
Heart blockage can start at a young age. Plaques will continue to grow and accumulate as you get older. Usually this condition also does not show significant symptoms until the blood vessels really narrow, get blocked, or even break and cause a stroke or heart attack.
The most common symptoms of heart block are chest pain or angina attacks. The chest pain that you feel can be described as severe pressure, a painful sensation, numbness, tightness, chest like squeezing, and very painful. This pain can spread to the left shoulder, arm, neck, jaw and back. Chest pain can also be accompanied by nausea, sweating, and fatigue. Other symptoms that can also be experienced are a rapid or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), feeling weak and dizzy.
Ischemia or impaired blood flow can occur if blood flow is completely blocked, and this condition can lead to a heart attack. Ischemia can occur when you are eating, exercising, too enthusiastic, or exposed to cold temperatures. If it is really severe, ischemia can also attack when you are in a state of rest.
Controlling several risk factors for heart blockage can also reduce the risk of heart disease. You can make diet changes to reduce cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar, and stop smoking and start exercising regularly. Exercising can keep your body weight within normal limits, so it can reduce the risk of various complications from obesity. Discuss with your doctor about steps to prevent heart block that can be done and adjusted to your body condition.